The major benefit of mulching during winter is to protect the plant crown so that the frost will not harm the roots of the plant. Make a thick layer of mulch as this will break down during the winter and provide nutrients and drainage for next spring when the plants start actively growing.
Autumn is a good time to take cuttings and they will root better is they are dipped into a rooting compound. Try this homemade recipe. Dissolve 2 teaspoons of honey in 500 ml of hot water. Add 1 teaspoon of apple cider vinegar, 1 teaspoon of cinnamon and 1 aspirin.
In very wet times or as a result of over watering, the leaves may turn yellow and fall off. This indicates that magnesium and iron has leached out of the soil. Dissolve 220 grams of Epsom Sats in 10 litres of water and use this to water your plants or as a foliar feed on the leaves.
Drop some soil into a bottle of vinegar and if the vinegar bubbles, your soil has enough lime. No bubbles mean that you will have to add 100g of lime per sq meter and dig it in well. If your soil crumbles when you try to make it into a ball, it is ideal for planting.
To encourage butterflies we need to plant host plants that will proving nutritious leaves for the caterpillars, their favourite nectar plants and a place for them to drink fresh water. This can be made in a shallow dish or an old birdbath.Fill with sand and place some sticks and stones for the butterflies to land on. Add water or stale beer. They do like their beer! You could also add over ripe fruit as this is also a source of nectar. Sit back and wait for the butterflies to enjoy their new drinking 'fountain'.
Onion weed was very difficult to get rid of as each plant has masses of bulbs. It seeds its self freely. Cut off the flower spikes as soon as you see them as 'one year's seed is seven year's weeds' then paint the leaves with neat Turpentine and the plant will die. Keep on top of them and you will soon rid your garden of them.