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Tips and Advice

Benefits of planting trees

Trees absorb carbon dioxide during the process of photosynthesis and release oxygen which we need to live. Those that grow on river banks reduce erosion and flooding. A treeless environment would not only be a great loss to all the birds, animals and insects that rely on trees but a very strange world. They do beautify the landscape and provide an environment for breeding and feeding for a diversity of wildlife. The shade in summer that is created by large trees reduces the cost of air conditioning whereas they slow the cold winds in winter and this saves heating costs.

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Dyes made from Indigenous plants

Acacia burkei root dye is yellow.

Acacia caffra gives a light brown colour

Acacia karroo bark gives a reddish colour

Acacia meliffera woodash dyes a red brick colour

Acacia sieberana gives a grey colour

Aloe zebrina and Aloe marlothii roots are used for a yellowish brown dye.

Aloe cryptopoda roots produce a reddish brown colour.

Berchemia discolour roots also produce a reddish brown colour whereas the boiled fruit gives an orange dye.

Carissa macrocarpa fruit is boiled to produce a pink dye.

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Indigenous Love Charms

Love Charms

Acacia caffra – roots are a love charm

Aptemia cordifolia – tuber infusion to bath babies

Asparagus virgatus – Love charm and a protective charm

Burchellia bubalina roots

Combretum erythrophyllum roots are an aphrodisiac and the bark aids fertility

Cyrtanthus breviflorus – love charm and has protective qualities

Dombeya rotundifolia

Gladiolus dalenii – love and fertility charm, brings good luck

Gazania rigens – root infusion is a love charm

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Evergreen Trees for Butterflies

To attract butterflies

Acocanthera oppositifolia - Bushman’s Poison

Bauhinia galpinii - Pride Of De Kaap

Bauhinia natalensis - Natal Bauhinia

Buddleja auriculata - Weeping Sage

Buddleja saligna  -   False Olive

Buddleja salvifolia – Sagewood

Combretum molle - Velvet Bushwillow

Dodonaea angustifolia - Sand Olive

Euclea crispa - Blue Guarri

Euclea natalensis - Natal Guarri

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Evergreen trees for a bird garden

To attract birds ,fruit, nectar and nesting

Apodytes dimidiata - White Pear

Burchellia bubalina - Wild Pomegranate

Calpurnia aurea  -  Wild Laburnum

Carissa macrocarpa - Big Num Num

Diospyros whyteana - Bladder Nut

Dodonaea angustifolia - Sand Olive

Duvernoia aconitifolia - Lemon Pistol Bush

Grewia occidentalis - Crossberry

Halleria lucida - Tree Fuchsia

Harpephyllum caffrum - Wild Plum

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Tall indigenous trees

 

Acacia sieberiana - large and fast, deciduous

Acacia xanthophloea –large and fast, deciduous

Acacia galpinii and Acacia karoo – up to 10m

 

Celtis Africana – white stinkwood – deciduous- up to 25m

 

Harpephyllum caffrum –  wild plum evergreen – up to 25m

 

Kiggelaria  africana  – wild peach - evergreen – up to 15m tall with a wide canopy

 

Millettia grandis – umzimbeet – deciduous- 25m

 

Mimusops zeyheri – Tvl red milkwood – evergreen- 12m rounded crown

 

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Fragrant Plants

Acacia ataxacantha Flame Thorn
Acacia eriloba Camel Thorn
Acacia galpinii Monkey Thorn
Acacia karroo Sweet Thorn
Acacia sieberiana Paperbark
Acacia tortilis Umbrella Thorn
Acacia xanthophloea Fever Tree
Acocanthera oppositifolia Bushman Poison
Albizia adianthifolia Flat Crown
Apodytes dimidiate White Pear
Asystasia gangetica Creeping Fox Glove
Buddleja auriculata Weeping Sage
Buddleja saligna False Olive
Buddleja salviifolia Sagewood
Bulbine capitata Scented Grass Bulbine

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Shady Vertical garden using water loving plants

Vertical Garden in the shade

for water loving  plants

 

Ferns

Adiantum cappillus-veneris

Cyrtomium falcatum

Pteris vittata

 

 

Height

Zantedescia aethiopica

Cyperus prolifera

 

 

Fillers and “spillers”

Aptemia cordifolia

Asystasia gangetica

Falckia repens

Isolepsis cenua

Selaginella kraussiana

 

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Retaining wall -succulents

Retaining Wall - Succulents
Aloe ballii - Ball's Cliff Aloe
Aloe cooperi - Cooper's Aloe
Aloe dyeri - Dyer's Aloe
Aloe striata/maculata - Coral Aloe
Aloe tenuior - Basuto Kraal Aloe 4 L
Aloe vanbalenii - Van Balen's Aloe
Aptenia cordata - Brakvygie
Bulbiine abyssinica - Golden Stars
Bulbine frutescens - Stalked Bulbine
Bulbine natalensis – Broad Leaved Bulbine
Carpobrotus - Sour Fig
Cotyledon orbiculata - Fire Sticks
Cotyledon orbiculata - Pig's Ear
Crassula capitella - Camp Fire

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