Typha capensis Bulrush These plants are deciduous and grow to about 2 m tall. They are often seen on the verge of a dam, wetland or river where the roots filter the water. It is frost resistant, fast growing and has brownish flowers in summer. Birds use these as nesting sites and humans utilize it for many things eg the rhizomes are used for meal and the leaves are useful for brooms, weaving and thatching. It is also medicinal,
Vangueria infausta Wild Medlar SA Tree No. 702 is a deciduous tree, (small) which is frost resistant, drought resistant and is happy in the full sun. The cream flowers occur in spring. This tree attracts birds and mammals and has non-aggressive roots. The fruit is used to distil brandy and is edible. The roots and leaves are medicinal yet it is considered unlucky so the wood is not used.
This is a popular evergreen groundcover which is frost resistant and fast growing in the sun. The mauve flowers open in summer and attract birds and butterflies. It is traditionally used as a snake repellent and they have many traditional medicinal uses. The leaves are delicious chopped into a salad or omelet and the flowers are also edible. This is a perfect choice for small gardens.
Cheerful, evergreen shrub which is frost resistant, water wise and fast growing in the sun or semi-shade. The orange flowers occur all year and they attract birds - insect eaters. It is useful for containers and is ideal for small gardens where is can be grown on a trellis to act as a screen. I’ve used it floating in a globlet as a table arrangement. It is popular throughout the world.
This very pretty, fragrant mauve flower is on a 25 cm spike and opens in winter. It is cheerful to have one in your garden during the brown, dry Highveld winter. The leaves are wider than the Tulbaghia violacea and not as pungent. They are also edible. It grows best in the semi shade and is used medicinally for fevers, cold, asthma and TB.
This medium sized, deciduous tree is frost resistant, water wise and grows in the sun. This is a great bird garden tree as it attracts the insect, fruit and nectar eaters as well as being used for nesting sites. It also attracts butterflies. It could be used as an informal hedge/screen or as a thorny security barrier. It is an important fodder tree for game farms. It is protected in Free State. The raw fruit is edible, or it can be cooked into a porridge or roasted and used as a coffee substitute. The nutritious leaves are cooked as spinach and the wood is useful fuel. It is an important medicinal tree and it has many magical uses.
Snake repellent and many traditional uses. Interesting variegated leaves.
Salix mucronata Safsaf Willow SA Tree No. 36 A medium sized deciduous tree, which is frost resistant and drought resistant. It occurs along rivers, in wetlands in the sun. The yellow flowers are seen in summer. It attracts birds, butterflies and mammals. It is lovely near a pond or a dam but bear in mind that it has aggressive roots. It has medicinal and magical uses.
Setaria megaphylla Broad-Leaved Bristle Grass This evergreen groundcover grows about 1m tall in the wetlands, sun or semi shade. It is frost resistant, fast growing, and bears white flowers in summer. Birds strip the leaves for nest building, and it also attracts butterflies and mammals. Strangely it is also eaten by dogs and antelope.
Searsia leptodictya ( Rhus leptodictyra) Mountain Karee SA Tree No. 387 is a small evergreen tree which is frost resistant and drought resistant. It grows in the full sun and has yellow flowers in summer. It attracts birds, butterflies and mammals and is useful for hedging/screening. As it has non-aggressive roots it is used as a street tree or a shade tree in a small garden.